Penguins are adapted perfectly to a life at land and sea. This popular group of living beings are well known, but there are some lacks of knowledge. The "Hearing in Penguins" is almost unknown, but now scientists want to investigate in this field. This research contains the training of penguins.
Seabirds and marine mammals play an important role as top predators in marine ecosystems. In the project TopMarine the basis for nature conservation are provided in terms of marine mammal and sea bird surveys under a continous method development to monitor the populations in the North and Baltic Seas.
In the framework of the VW project "Hering, salmon and carp - old friends with unknown relatives - phylogeny of the basal Clupeocephala" the relationship of the basal Clupeocephala are investigated. The project is divided into a molecular genetic part and a morphological part, which both devolpe a large phylogeny group of the basal clupeocephala with modern techniques.
Grey seals are returning after years of Absence to our coasts. Photo-ID of grey seals is used to Monitor this process, to evaluate site fidelity of the animals and to establish a baseline for conservation purposes.
Because marine mammals live in cross-border areas, interntational management for the protection of these animals is necessary. The aim of the project is to create a world-wide network of marine protection areas.
Marine mammals play an important role in the ecosystem of the sea as part of the upper trophies. Many of them, such as the harbour porpoise, are strongly threatened by various external influences, such as the pollution of the seas by garbage and toxins and the changing abundance of prey. By analyzing collected bones, tissues and other samples from the museums of Northern Europe, the project aims to provide an overview of the changes of the past decades and even centuries.
Coral reefs form the basis of life for countries like the Maldives: Tourism, fisheries and building materials are important sources of income. However, the coral reefs have been suffering for years from natural phenomena, e.g. Coral bleaching due to too warm seawater (caused by El Ninos), but also by human influences e.g. by increased sedimentation and destruction of whole reefs by construction activities, pollution by waste water or overfishing.